Additional notes (click to expand)


Named for Arnold Gille (Gillenius), 17th century German botanist who had a garden in Cassel.
Stearn, W.T. (1996). Dictionary of Plant Names for Gardeners. Cassell.


Used in Traditional Native American Herbal Medicine: The dried powdered root bark is cathartic, slightly diaphoretic, a mild and efficient emetic, expectorant and tonic. Minute doses are used internally in the treatment of colds, chronic diarrhoea, constipation, asthma and other bronchial complaints.

Geographical distribution

  • Northern America, Eastern Canada
  • Northern America, North-Central U.S.A.
  • Northern America, Northeastern U.S.A.
  • Northern America, Southeastern U.S.A.

Gillenia trifoliata (L.) Moench

Genus: Gillenia
Species: trifoliata (L.) Moench
Common names: Bow-man's root
Distribution summary: Northern America
Habit: Perennial
Hardiness: H5 - Hardy; cold winter
Habitat: Rocky slopes, scrub & light woodland
Garden status: Currently grown
Garden location: North America (A)
Flowering months: June
Reason for growing: Commemorative, medicinal

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