Additional notes (click to expand)


The genus is named for Euphorbus (fl. circa 10 BC – AD 20), the Greek physician to the Berber king Juba II (c. 50 BC – AD 23) of Numidia, a country which once existed within modern Tunisia and Algeria. He was the brother of Antonio Musa (vide Musa), physician to Caesar Augustus. The king married Cleopatra Selene, the daughter of Mark Anthony and Cleopatra, and later, Glaphyra, the widow of the son of Herod the Great. The king was interested in plants and, according to Pliny the Elder (Pliny, AD 79), gave it its name in 12 BC. In the 16th century it was known as Tithymalus, but Linnaeus restored the name Euphorbia in 1753. One story is that Euphorbus cured King Juba from a stomach condition with a Euphorbia. The other is that the plant was discovered by the king in the Atlas mountains of Morocco and that, as Euphorbus was a fat man and the plant was fleshy, he thought it an apt name as ‘euphorbus’ in Greek means ‘eu = good’ and ‘phorbe = fodder’. Juba is remembered elsewhere, for he gives his name to the capital of the new country of South Sudan. Euphorbia regis-jubae, discovered on an expedition to the Canary Islands, sponsored by King Juba, also commemorates him.
Oakeley, Dr. Henry. (2012). Doctors in the Medicinal Garden. Plants named after physicians. Royal College of Physicians. link


Toxic due to highly irritant saponins in sap (‘Latex’)
Professor Anthony Dayan, 2022

Geographical distribution

  • Asia-Temperate, Western Asia, Turkey
  • Asia-Temperate, Western Asia, Turkey

Euphorbia amygdaloides L. subsp. robbiae

Genus: Euphorbia
Species: amygdaloides L.
SubSpecies: robbiae
Common names: Mrs Robb's-Bonnet
Distribution summary: Turkey
Habit: Perennial
Hardiness: H5 - Hardy; cold winter
Habitat: Rich deciduos woodlands, moist, calcareous soils to 1300m
Garden status: Currently grown
Garden location: Classical Europe & Middle East (M), Plants of the World (C)
Flowering months: April, May, June
Reason for growing: Commemorative, medicinal, toxic

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