Additional notes (click to expand)

Other use

Although the bulb is toxic, Eucomis autumnalis is used medicinally in South Africa. Decoctions of the bulb in water or milk are usually administered as enemas for the treatment of low backache, to assist in post-operative recovery, and to aid in healing fractures. Decoctions are also used for a variety of ailments, including urinary diseases, stomach ache, fevers, colic, flatulence, hangovers and syphilis, and to facilitate childbirth. The subspecies clavata is also used for coughs and respiratory ailments, biliousness, lumbago, blood disorders, venereal diseases and to prevent premature childbirth. Several homoisoflavones are found in Eucomis autumnalis, and flavonoids are known for their anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic action. It also contains some steroidal triterpenoids and they are known to be beneficial in wound therapy. South African National Biodiversity Institute, South Africa. link


Not reported as toxic but contains flavones, flavonoids and triterpenes that might be irritant and are pharmacologically active.
Professor Anthony Dayan, 2022

Geographical distribution

  • Africa, Southern Africa, Botswana
  • Africa, Southern Africa, Cape Provinces
  • Africa, Southern Africa, KwaZulu-Natal
  • Africa, Southern Africa, Lesotho
  • Africa, Southern Africa, Swaziland

Eucomis autumnalis (Mill.) Chitt.

Genus: Eucomis
Species: autumnalis (Mill.) Chitt.
Common names: Autumn Pineapple Lily
Distribution summary: South Africa
Habit: Perennial
Hardiness: H3 - Half hardy; unheated greenhouse/mild winter
Habitat: Grasslands and Roadsides
Garden status: Currently grown
Garden location: Southern Hemisphere Wolfson bed (N), Southern Hemisphere (K)
Flowering months: August, September, October
Reason for growing: Medicinal

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