Additional notes (click to expand)


Wallflower was formerly used mainly as a diuretic and emmenagogue but recent research has shown that it is more valuable for its effect on the heart. In small doses it is a cardiotonic, supporting a failing heart in a similar manner to foxglove (Digitalis purpurea). In more than small doses, however, it is toxic and so is seldom used in herbal medicine. The flowers and stems are antirheumatic, antispasmodic, cardiotonic, emmenagogue, nervine, purgative and resolvent. They are used in the treatment of impotence and paralysis. The essential oil is normally used. The plant contains the chemical compound cheiranthin which has a stronger cardiotonic action than digitalis (obtained from Digitalis species). If taken in large doses this is very poisonous and so this plant should not be used medicinally without expert supervision. The seeds are aphrodisiac, diuretic, expectorant, stomachic and tonic. They are used in the treatment of dry bronchitis, fevers and injuries to the eyes.,

Geographical distribution

  • Europe, Southeastern Europe, Greece

Erysimum x cheiri (L.) Crantz

Genus: Erysimum
Species: x cheiri (L.) Crantz
Common names: Wallflower; Aegean Wallflower
Distribution summary: Greece
Habit: Perennial
Hardiness: H7 - Very hardy
Habitat: Coastal sand dunes or cliffs, inland rocky outcrops
Garden status: Currently grown
Garden location: seed waiting to be sown or germinating in greenhouse or frame (seed)
Flowering months: April, May, June
Reason for growing: Medicinal

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