Additional notes (click to expand)


This plant has been used as an anti-rheumatic, carminative and stomachic. The oil extracted from the seed has historically been used in medicines for tonsillitis, sore throats, coughs, colds, constipation, gravel and stones due to its lubricating and emollient properties, and was mixed with lime water to treat scalds and burns. A poultice of the fresh leaves was used to treat eye problems, bruises and swellings, and a tincture used to treat diarrhoea. The fresh herb was boiled and taken as a tea for rheumatic pains, heartburn, colds, coughs and dropsy, and infusion of the roots was used as an eyewash.
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Other use

The oil extracted from the seed has been used similarly to the linseed oil (Linum usitatissimum), for example for lighting, in paints and varnishes. An infusion of the whole plant is said to be beneficial for the skin and to prevent hair loss. A fibre can be obtained from the stems and used to make string, cloth, nets, paper and baskets.
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The raw seed contains cyanide and should not be eaten raw.
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Geographical distribution

  • Asia-Temperate, Siberia
  • Europe, Eastern Europe
  • Europe, Middle Europe
  • Europe, Northern Europe, Great Britain
  • Europe, Southeastern Europe
  • Europe, Southwestern Europe

Linum perenne L.

Genus: Linum
Species: perenne L.
Common names: Perennial flax; Blue flax; Lint bells; Prairie flax
Distribution summary: Europe, Siberia, North America
Conservation status (IUCN Red List): Not Evaluated
Habit: Short-lived Perennial
Hardiness: H4 - Hardy; average winter
Habitat: Calcareous grassland, alpine ridges
Garden status: Not currently grown
Reason for growing: Medicinal, other use

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