Additional notes (click to expand)


N. Uganda, S. Sudan. Grassland on mountain slopes, tropical. Needs full sun or part-sun. Good drainage. Frost tender.

Endangered species on CITES Appendix I


Toxic due to presence of azoxyglycosides, such as macrozamin and cycasin. Carcinogenic and teratogenic on ingestion .
Professor Anthony Dayan, 2022

Geographical distribution

  • Africa, East Tropical Africa, Uganda
  • Africa, Northeast Tropical Africa, Sudan

Encephalartos septentrionalis Schweinf. ex Eichl.

Genus: Encephalartos
Species: septentrionalis Schweinf. ex Eichl.
Common names: Nile Cycad
Distribution summary: Congo, Sudan, Uganda
Conservation status (IUCN Red List): Near Threatened
Habit: Cycad
Hardiness: H1c - Heated greenhouse; warm temperate
Habitat: Rocky areas in sparse forests, grassland and open bushland
Garden status: Currently grown
Garden location: Plants in pots (POT)
Reason for growing: Toxic

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